Legislators. A ninety-person assembly elected by the people passed laws on topics such as health, education and agriculture. The Assembly needs the support of both trade unionists and nationalists to make important decisions and ensure that neither can dominate. The final withdrawal agreement between the EU and the UK has agreed on a complex solution to this delicate problem. Under the proposed regime, Northern Ireland, like the rest of the UK, would leave the EU customs union, the basis for common tariffs on all products imported into the bloc. However, the necessary customs checks would not take place at the border with the Republic of Ireland, but between Northern Ireland and Great Britain, creating a new border in the Irish Sea. Meanwhile, Northern Ireland – but not the rest of the UK – would continue to follow many of the EU`s internal market rules, so that the land border with Ireland could remain open. This regime is also supported by a separate agreement between Ireland and the United Kingdom allowing the free movement of persons between the two countries. This conference takes the form of regular and frequent meetings between The British and Irish ministers to promote cooperation between the two governments at all levels. On issues not left to Northern Ireland, the Irish government can present views and proposals. All decisions of the Conference are taken by mutual agreement between the two governments and the two governments, in order to make resolute efforts to resolve the differences between them.
On 10 April 1998, the so-called Good Friday Agreement (or Belfast Agreement) was signed. The agreement helped end a period of conflict in the region, known as a riot. On Friday, April 10, 1998, at 5:30 p.m., an American politician named George Mitchell, who led the talks, said: « I am pleased to announce that the two governments and political parties in Northern Ireland have reached an agreement. » « It is up to the Irish people alone, by mutual agreement between the two parties and without external hindrance, of their right to self-determination on the basis of consent, freely and at the same time given, north and south, to achieve a united Ireland, while accepting that this right be acquired and exercised with the agreement and approval of the majority of the people of Northern Ireland. » As part of the agreement, the British and Irish governments committed to holding referendums in Northern Ireland and the Republic on 22 May 1998. The referendum on Northern Ireland is expected to approve the deal reached at the multi-party talks. The Republic of Ireland`s referendum should approve the Anglo-Irish agreement and facilitate the modification of the Irish constitution in accordance with the agreement. A copy of the agreement was published in every assembly in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland so that people could read before a referendum where they could vote. In the context of political violence during the riots, the agreement forced participants to find « exclusively democratic and peaceful means to resolve political differences. » This required two aspects: within the framework of the agreement, it was proposed to build on the existing inter-parliamentary commission in English-Irish. Prior to the agreement, the body was composed only of parliamentarians from the British and Irish assemblies.
In 2001, as proposed by the agreement, it was extended to include parliamentarians of all members of the Anglo-Irish Council.